Santanyí is Mallorca’s most southern municipality. It borders with ses Salines, Campos and Felanitx and has 35 kilometres of coast. Cap de ses Salines is located in Satanyí. It is the most southern point of the island, 150 kilometres away from Africa. The municipality contains eleven towns: La Costa, s’Alqueria Blanca, Cala Santanyí, Calonge, es Llombards, Cala Llombards, Son Moja, Cala Figuera, Portopetro, Cala d’Or y es Cap des Moro.
How to get there
Santanyí is 56 kilometres from Palma by road, which is the most common way of reaching Palma. The motorway covers the first kilometres and runs past the airport, crossing Llucmajor and Campos. Manacor, the second largest city in Mallorca, is also easily accessible.
Santanyí is served by public transport. The coach company Darbus has a regular line connecting Palma and Santanyí as well as Santanyí with the other towns in the municipality. The company Aumasa also connects Santanyí with Felanitx and Manacor.
Total area: 126,39 km2
Density: 72,69 h/km2
Distance to Palma: 56 km.
Orientation in regards to the capital: SE
07691 (Alqueria Blanca, Portopetro)
07659 (Cala Figuera, Cala Santanyí)
07660 (Cala d’Or)
07690 (Llombards i Cala Llombards)
EThe town of Santanyí is first recorded in documents from 1236 as Sancti Aini. Even though the origin of the name is uncertain, the most traditional, accepted theory is that it derives from the Latin Sanctus Agnusdei, the holy lamb or Sancti Agnini, “saint lamb” referring to the lamb as a symbol of Christ that appears in the town’s coat of arms. This theory has been supported by scholars such as Father Antoni M. Alcover, Francesc de B. Moll and Josep Mascaró Passarius. But there are other theories. Joan Coromines considers that it has a Mozarabic origin, while Guillem Rosselló Bordoy believes that the name derives from the Arab words Sanat Anawawil, meaning “coast of leaf huts”.
Geography and climate
Santanyí is located practically on the plains and is divided into two natural areas. The interior includes the last elevations of the Llevant mountains with Puig Gros (271) and penya Bosca (280) as the highest hills. The second area is the coast.
Santanyí enjoys a Mediterranean climate with warm and dry summers and mild winters. The average maximum temperature is 30-32 degrees Celsius and the average minimum is 4-8 degrees Celsius. The predominant winds are the Tramuntana winds (north) and rain is scarce and irregular.
CAs with the rest of the Balearics, Santanyí’s economic engine is mass tourism which from 1950 onwards has transformed the economy of the municipality. In the 50s and due to the arrival of tourists, a number of residential areas were built in the municipality and the coastal towns of cala d’Or, Portopetro, Cala Figuera, Cala Santanyí and Cala Llombards were developed. Tourism was the driving force behind construction and trade, which are very important for the economy of the area.
Tourism replaced agriculture in the interior and fishing in the coast. There is also an industry based on the extraction of Santanyí stone, which is very appreciated in Mallorca, and several quarries for extraction of sandstone and gravel.